Kaliningrad's History

At the end of WWII historic East Prussia was the first part of Germany to feel the full force and full anger of the advancing Soviet Red Army. Approximately 70% of the German population fled, 20% were killed and the remaining 10% were expelled in the most thorough ethnic cleansing operation of the 20th Century. The current population has no real connection with historic East Prussia. Kaliningrad forms the northern part of the former Prussian province of East Prussia with the city of Königsberg renamed Kaliningrad in 1946 after Mikhail Kalinin, figurehead President of the USSR and Stalin lackey. Historic Königsberg was founded in 1255 by the Teutonic Knights and the city eventually flourished as a centre of learning, culture and commerce. In 1944 most of the city was obliterated in two nights of British bombing and the remainder of the city was practically destroyed in March/April 1945 as the Soviets swept in.

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Visiting Kaliningrad means you like exploring the off-beat parts of Europe so while in town visit Sovetsk (Tilsit), the city made famous where Napoleon and the Russian Tsar made up (briefly). European Country more info

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The Kaliningrad Oblast (province) of Russia is a unique and isolated exclave of Russia named after the city of Kaliningrad formerly Königsberg. Following WWII Stalin decided to rebuilt the city in grand socialist style, so consequently it is one of the best examples of Stalinist architecture; a veritable sea of concrete and grey. Many of the regions historical sites have now been lovingly restored and it’s now actually a very beautiful and interesting place to explore. As well as being home to the Russian Baltic Fleet, Kaliningrad boasts many fascinating museums, wonderful theatres, parks, monuments and spectacular coastal scenery. And above all, Kaliningrad has perhaps the world’s best Amber!

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