Monaco's History

Monaco is the world's most densely populated country and second smallest independent state. However its history stretches back to the Middle Ages with the ruling Grimaldi dynasty reigning since 1297. Monaco's independence was confirmed by France in 1861. According to myth the God Hercules expelled the previous deities from the area and a Greek temple called Hercules Monoikos was erected, from which Monaco's name is derived. Throughout the 20th Century Monaco enjoyed its status as playground to the rich, attracting the wealthy to its income tax haven and unrivalled elegance. The tourism based economy benefited with the opening of the famous casino at Monte Carlo in 1863.  Prince Rainer III's fairytale marriage to Hollywood actress Grace Kelly was one of the 1950's most publicized celebrity weddings. Princess Grace died tragically in an auto accident in 1982 and Prince Rainier died in 2005. HSH Prince Albert II is the reigning monarch.

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Easy! While you’re in one of the most sophisticated cities in the world, stretch your budget to one of the Principalities finest hotels, the Fairmont Monte Carlo. Luxury beyond compare. European Country more info

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The handkerchief sized Principality of Monaco sits in the heart of the French Riviera, and takes pride of place on the Côte d'Azur. No place on earth has such a high concentration of wealth and sophistication as Monaco with Europe's elite drawn to the sophisticated hotels, restaurants, casinos and boutiques of France's south, all bathed in endless sunshine and seas the bluest of blue. The annual Monaco Grand Prix has been thrilling tourists since 1929 while the nearby Cannes Film Festival has been rolling out the red carpet since 1946. The hypnotic charms of this magical principality eternally charm visitors to this day.

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