Romania's History

By 82BC the Dacian Kingdom covered most of Romania but was defeated in 106AD and added to the Roman Empire as the province of Dacia. Rome’s departure invited invaders beginning with Goths, Huns and others until the Middle Ages when Romania was essentially three regions, Transylvania which came under Hungarian control in the 11th Century, Wallacia and Moldavia. Vlad Dracula defeated the invading Turks in 1462 but by 1541 Romania had submitted to the Turkish Ottoman Empire. In 1699 Transylvania joined the Austrian Hapsburg Empire, in 1812 half of Moldavia went to Russia, (renamed Bessarabia), and in 1859 Wallacia and Moldavia effectively merged and severed its last ties to the Turks. In WWI Romania joined the Allies and doubled its size but in 1940 Romania lost territory to Hungary, Bulgaria and the USSR. In WWII Romania sided with Germany initially, but swapped in 1944. Europe’s most repressive Communist régime was established in 1947 being overthrown in 1989.

Our Pick


If you’re looking for a sophisticated hotel to match your Romanian experience then you simply cann’t go past the Pullman Hotel in down town Bucharest, one of the country’s finest. European Country more info

Right Now

On Christmas Day 1989 the hated dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu and his evil wife Elena paid for their crimes while in office and were executed, following a week of violence that toppled their repressive régime. Romania initially experienced social and economic problems moving from Communist central planning to the Free Market; however in recent years the country has rejoined the mainstream. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007. Now their doors are wide open and Westerners are venturing into the hidden corners of the country and discovering unimaginable scenic beauty, postcard perfect villages and vibrant urban life with locals only too pleased to welcome tourists.

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