Slovakia's History

Man’s occupation of Slovakia stretches back to the dawn of time but the first documented society was the Celts; well established by 500BC. Slovakia approximately marked the edge of the Roman Empire from 2AD and the Fall of Rome brought a succession of barbarians disputing the area until the Slavs arrived in the 5th Century. From 830, Great Moravia controlled the region and the wise ruler Rastislav invited the Byzantine Emperor to send teachers. The brothers St Cyril and St Methodius came in 863 and devised the Cyrillic alphabet for them. In 1000 Hungary absorbed Slovakia but Bratislava served as Hungary’s capital from 1536-1783. At the end of WWI Slovakia became a part of Czechoslovakia but was independent from 1939-1945 when Czechoslovakia was restored under Communist rule. The fall of the Iron Curtain revived Slovak independence in 1993 and the country joined NATO in 2002, the European Union in 2004 and the Eurozone in 2009.

Our Pick


Want to see ‘everything’ but want an expert to organise it all? Then look no further than the Grand Tour of Slovakia which includes 8 days/7 nights of castles, rivers, wine tasting, scenery and more... book-now

Right Now

Slovakia’s economy grew slowly following its peaceful split with the Czech Republic but since joining the European Union it has raced ahead. During the Communist era Slovakia was the site of many heavy industries which have undergone modernisation and the country is again home to large car assembly plants, electronics and computer industries. Slovakia is often overlooked by Western tourists but those who do explore the country are thrilled to find wonderful reminders of the thriving Hungarian capital, ancient castles, the meandering Danube, magnificent mountain scenery and friendly and attractive people who know how to have a good time and welcome visitors.

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player